Tag: Ballona Creek (Page 2 of 6)

Birding Ballona Creek #1: Jetties and Breakwater

Ballona Creek: Jetties and Breakwater

This post in my guide to birding Ballona Creek covers the area of Ballona Creek where it spills into the Pacific Ocean (that is, the portion west of the Pacific Avenue bridge). The creek channel here is straight as an arrow, thanks to a 1930s channelization project. It is lined by big rock jetties on each side. For convenience, I’ve numbered the unnamed jetties in the map above. Folks sometimes refer to #2 as the middle or long jetty, and #3 as the short jetty (or the southern jetty). They’re the jetties most birders explore, since they’re easy to access from parking at or around Del Rey Lagoon. Jetty #2 and Jetty #3 have flat sidewalk surfaces you can stroll down, though the last 100 yards of #2 is uneven rock. There are far fewer reports from the northern-most jetty (#1). I rarely visit jetty #1 because the bike path doesn’t go past it, and it’s more than twice as far to drive to that side of the creek from my house as it is to drive to Del Rey Lagoon. The bike path is in red, and continues for miles south along the coast.

This section of the creek has a dedicated eBird hotspot: Ballona Creek–Creek mouth, jetties, and breakwater. A hotspot for the Pacific Avenue bridge and another for the general “Playa del Rey/Ballona area” confound things a bit. I’ve never entered a checklist for either of those two spots. If you’re on the jetties, I suggest you use the creek mouth/jetty/breakwater hotspot. 

This is one of my favorite places to visit in my entire 5-mile radius. For starters, it’s got great birds. All year long (except maybe the doldrums of June), the jetties and breakwater offer excellent birding and the potential for rarities. In addition to great birds, I’ve seen green sea turtles and sea lions and whales from the jetties (a gray whale was swimming 10 feet off jetty #3 one day!). And there’s always multiple kinds of watercraft about–from fishing boats and pleasure yachts to jet skis and college rowing crews. The jetties have their share of regular fishermen, and get more casual foot traffic on the weekends. The fisherman don’t seem to bother the birds all that much, but too many strollers tends to scare the birds off.

Another advantage of the jetties is that this isn’t a birding spot that requires getting up at the crack of dawn to see the birds. The tide plays more of a role for seeing birds here than the time of day (that, and how many people are about). If you’re all alone on the jetties at dawn at a high tide, there will be fewer birds on the rocks than if you come mid-day when the tide is falling. That said, there are usually more people around after 10am, especially on weekends.

While I can’t discern anything special about the rocks on one side of a particular jetty or the other, in my experience, the jetty birds prefer the rocks along the creek (that is, the north side of jetty #3 and south side of jetty #2). Between the two, the longer middle jetty gets more birds, and most of them are on the west end of the jetty, after the flat walking surface ends. The sunlight (such as it as) is better in the mornings, when it’ll be at your back (but it’s usually obscured by the marine layer). Visibility in the afternoon, especially during the summer months, is tough with the setting sun behind the breakwater.

On the Rocks

Generally, the further out you get on the jetties, especially jetty #2, the more birds you’ll see. There are a good number of usual jetty suspects feeding on the rocks: Willets, Turnstones (Ruddy and Black), Surfbirds, Sandpipers (Least are more numerous than Western), and Sanderlings are all present year-round, except for a vanishing act they play during June. Black Oystercatchers are resident in small numbers all year, either on jetty #2 or the breakwater. Wandering Tattlers are uncommon but possible any month, except for late April and early May when migrants move through, and June, when they vanish like the others. A small number of Belding’s Savannah Sparrow, an endangered subspecies of Savannah Sparrow that breeds in salt marsh, can occasionally be spotted (almost always alone, and on jetty #2). From time to time, a Black Phoebe will hang out on the jetties. American Oystercatchers get reported, though I’m convinced most of them are Black xAmerican hybrid birds. Despite all the good rocks, only rarely does someone report a Rock Wren. And it’s been almost a decade since a Burrowing Owl spent a couple of weeks on jetty #2.

The approximately 2,000 foot wide breakwater is close enough to the jetties to ID birds with binoculars. It’s often dominated by cormorants. The majority are Brandt’s Cormorants, with some Double-crested and Pelagic mixed in. If there isn’t a feeding frenzy going on nearby,  you might see up to 5,000 cormorants standing on the breakwater. If the wind is blowing the surf onto the breakwater, the cormorants move en masse onto the jetties, and a slow approach will allow for some excellent close-ups. Brown pelicans, gulls, pigeons, and Snowy Egret make up the rest of the birds you’re likely to spot on the breakwater. With patience and luck, you can sometimes pick some rarities out on the breakwater. In September 2013, Blue-footed Boobies showed up. As many a 9 were reported, and the last one stayed until December. In February 2020, a Masked Booby made the breakwater home for 2 weeks. A Common Murre was seen out there during the 2016 L.A. CBC.

In the Air

Despite all the action on the rocks, you’ve got to keep your eyes on the skies, too, as there’s usually plenty of action. Gulls are most numerous, and mob the fishing boats as they return to harbor. Western Gulls are present in the biggest numbers, all year round. The beautiful Heerman’s Gulls (both white-headed adults and chocolate juveniles) are here nearly year-round, but in sporadic numbers. Ring-billed Gulls dwindle in the summer, but are common in the winter. Bonaparte’s Gulls, Short-billed Gulls, Herring Gulls, Iceland Gull, and Glaucous-winged Gulls are strictly winter birds. Only two reports (1975 and 2009) of Glaucous Gull suggest they don’t prefer the area. There aren’t any reports yet of Lesser Black-backed Gull here, but their rising numbers in L.A. County suggest that one will soon be found here. Careful observers can knock themselves out trying to ID the hybrid gulls as well.

The screeching of terns is constant background noise around the jetties. Look for Royal Tern in the winter, Elegant, Caspian, and Least Tern in the summer, and Forster’s by happenstance anytime (another species I think is overreported). Standing on the end of jetty #2 and looking out past the breakwater, you’ll sometimes see Parasitic Jaegers chasing after terns. Osprey like to perch on the breakwater towers, and Peregrine Falcons occasionally make runs along the creek in winter. Belted Kingfisher sometimes move from the lagoon to the bridge, but rarely venture out to the jetties.

On the Water 

There are plenty of birds on the water, as well. Moving about between the jetties and the breakwater you can see a bunch of stuff. Loons can be found from November to May (Pacific, Common, and Red-throated, with Pacific being the least common in my experience). Eared Grebe’s typically outnumber Horned Grebes, and Western Grebes far outnumber Clark’s. Pied-billed Grebes tend to stay upstream of the bridge. A Red-necked Grebe is possible inside the breakwater, but quite rare. Surf Scoters often mass along Dockweiler Beach, and small groups can be found feeding between the breakwater and the jetties. Bufflehead in winter are the most numerous duck, with Lesser Scaup and Red-breasted Merganser common in smaller numbers, and Long-tailed Ducks a winter rarity. The rest of the ducks tend to stay in the lagoon or up the creek.

Over the years, this has been the spot of a few rarity sightings for me. A one-day wonder Red-necked Grebe flew past me in December 2020. A couple of Yellow-crowned Night Herons took up residence on the breakwater in Fall 2021, and there’s a couple more back again right now at the lagoon north of jetty #1. A Vesper Sparrow was on jetty #2 the same glorious September day in 2017 that I spotted a Bar-tailed Godwit further up the creek. Every four years, an Ancient Murrelet or three will show up, the last time in 2018. A Black-legged Kittiwake was on the beach next to jetty #3 one day. In Winter 2014/15, as many as 8 Ancient Murrelets showed up in Santa Monica Bay and several wandered their way into the creek and the marina. Another Ancient Murrelet was spotted at the jetties in February 2018 for a few days.

Whenever you come here–morning, midday, or afternoon; winter, summer, spring, or fall (with the exception of June, when it’s pretty quiet); jetty #1, 2, or 3–you should be able to rack up a pretty good list of West Coast birds.

Guide to Birding Ballona Creek

The East End 

East of Inglewood Blvd., the birds aren’t as numerous. It’s mostly a narrow, shallow stream with little vegetation, best covered on bike rather than on foot.

East End guide

Inglewood Blvd. to Lincoln Blvd.

The creek is tidal all the way to Inglewood Blvd. Look for shorebirds, gulls, and terns at lower tides, and sandpipers and phalaropes the shallow, cement-bottomed section. 

Middle Creek guide

Lower Ballona Creek (Lincoln Blvd. to Pacific Ave. Bridge)

Besides shorebirds and ducks in the creek, the open space on each side of the creek is home to raptors (including Burrowing Owl and White-tailed Kite) and a winter spot for Loggerhead Shrike.

Lower Creek Guide

Jetties and Breakwater

From Kingfishers to Kittiwakes, Scoters to Surfbirds, Boobies to Bufflehead,  Gulls to Grebes, Tattlers to Terns, and Mergansers to Murrelets, this is a great place to rack up a big list.

Jetties/Breakwater guide

The Ballona Creek is my most-frequented spot for birding. When I first moved to L.A. in 2012, we lived on Duquesne Avenue in Culver City, about 3 blocks from the creek. Now I live a single block off the creek at Centinela Avenue. At least a couple of times a week I take bike rides or walk on the path (shown above in red) that runs nearly 7 miles alongside the creek. The entire length of the creek is within my 5-mile radius, and everyone knows how obsessed I am with my 5MR. It’s also the site of my greatest birding find ever: a Bar-tailed Godwit on the lower section of the Ballona Creek in September 2017. Simply put, I’m a regular fixture on the creek. And it’s a great spot to see a variety of birds.

Since I often get questions from birders about the best times, best tides, and best places to check for certain birds along the creek, I figured it was long past time for me to create a guide to birding Ballona Creek. So here it is. Because of the creek’s length, I’ve divided it up into sections. To see the guides to different sections of the creek, click on the links above.


History of the creek and Ballona valley

Some 5,000 years ago, the Tongva people arrived in the area.  They hunted and gathered and fished and established small villages. Around 1820, a Spanish rancher named Augustin Machado showed up, a land grant from the Mexican government in hand (this wasn’t California, or the United States, yet). He called the place Rancho La Ballona (the name may refer to Baiona, Spain, where Machado traced his roots).  The creek originally meandered into and around a vast marshy wetland before it reached the ocean. As the area slowly developed, a street car line was built that connected present-day Playa del Rey with downtown Los Angeles.

Ballona Creek mouth 1937

The creek was channelized in concrete in the 1930s for flood control. This straightened it out, and reduced tidal flow and spillover into the wetlands, which began to dry up.  In the 1960s, the vast “wetlands” were dredged and became a parking lot for boats called Marina del Rey. By then, the remaining wetlands were 10% of their original size. Today, most of the lower creek is part of the Ballona Wetlands State Ecological Reserve. The upper section of the creek runs through suburban Culver City. The creek’s watershed is about 130 square miles that stretches from the Skirball Center to the Griffith Observatory in the Santa Monica Mountains, to the Silver Lake Reservoir and the intersection of the 110 and the 10, to Inglewood Park Cemetery and the edge of Westchester.

Despite its channelization and the degradation of the surrounding wetlands, the Ballona Creek is a crucial part of some important bird habitat. The combination of creek and adjacent salt pan and flood plains make it host to a variety of bird species (alongside snakes and rabbits and coyotes and all kinds of other creatures). It is only fitting that the Ballona area has been labeled an “Important Bird Area” by Audubon.

I’ve divided the guide into 4 different posts. Starting at the ocean, the first post covers the creek mouth, jetties, and breakwater at Playa del Rey. The second post covers the lower Ballona Creek, from the Pacific Avenue bridge up to Lincoln Blvd. The third post provides information and tips about the productive area of the creek between Lincoln Blvd. and Inglewood Blvd. The last post covers the entire eastern half of the creek (from Inglewood Avenue inland), which is much less birdy than the other sections.

Ballona Creek

During rain, the creek rises quickly and water floods the bike path

Those who wish to support conservation in and around the Ballona Creek can check out Friends of Ballona Wetlands, the Ballona Wetlands Land Trust,  Heal the Bay, and Ballona Creek Renaissance. At each website, you’ll find information about ways you can get involved in habitat restoration, cleanup, and more. You’ll also find information there about the controversial restoration project planned for the creek and surrounding wetlands area. The  final EIR was approved in 2020.  The groups identified above differ in their views on the approved project. The Los Angeles Audubon Society appears not to support the approved plan.

I hope the guide is helpful.

Looking upstream from the Pacific Avenue bridge, snow-capped San Gabriel mountains in the far, hazy distance

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